About Kanha National Park

Kanha National Park

“Bhoorsingh the Barasingha – The official mascot of Kanha National Park”

Kanha National Park became the first tiger reserve in India to introduce an indigenous Mascot “Bhoorsingh the Barasingha”. The mascot will be showcasing Barasingha ( Hard Ground Swamp deer )as the spirit of Kanha as well as showcase the efforts of team Kanha to conserve & rehabilitate the endemic species.With the introduction of the new Mascot, Kanha National Park hopes to create better engagement with the tourists, specially the younger generation who are digital savvy and look for unique experience during their visit to the park. Bhoorsingh will play a vital role in educating and enriching  the visitors about the unique distinction of Kanha, as this species of hard ground Barasingha is only found in Kanha  and nowhere else in the world, either in wild or captivity. Bhoorsingh will create a new brand identity for Kanha National Park and help it differentiate itself from the other national parks of India.

There are infact two things that Bhoorsingh is extremely proud of :

  • Of being endemic to Kanha national Park
  • And it’s glorious twelve tinned antelers.

Stay “tinned” for more ….

The vast grasslands of Kanha National Park, extending over an area of 2,000 sq km, are surrounded by the Satpura Mountains, which stand at heights ranging from 450 and 900 m. comprising the Banjar and Halon valleys of the erstwhile princely provinces of Central India, Kanha ended up being a hunting ground for the British in between 1879 and 1910. In 1933, it was developed as a sanctuary and was eventually declared a National Park in 1955. The park has a rare species of barasingha (swamp deer), which resides in a hard-ground habitat. It is believed that the name Kanha originated from the texture of the soil found in the area. The soil is sandy in Banjar Valley in Kanha, Kisli and Mukki ranges. In the lower pockets, it is finely textured and somewhat clayey. It is locally| called kanhar, therefore the name.

Though it is one of India’ s better protected Project Tiger reserves, conservationists do have their concerns about Kanha. This is due to its proximity to impoverished villages, and its closeness to Nagpur, which is known as an illegal wildlife trade hub in Central India.

Kanha National Park has developed an infrastructure comparable to international standards for tourists. Offering multiple options to suit all pockets for boarding and lodging are available. Main tourist attractions include drives along forest roads and a comprehensive world class nature interpretation programme. Come experience the wilderness & enjoy the legacy of Kanha !!


There are three entry points into Kanha– Khatia (Kisli), Mukki and Sarhi. Mukki, in the south can be more easily approached from Nagpur and Raipur while Khatia and Sarhi are more convenient from Jabalpur. Sarhi can also be approached from Raipur. Sarhi is a more recent gate and there is no accommodation on this side. Hotels on the Mukki side are more high-end than those on the Khatia side. Distance between Khatia and Mukki is approximately 35 km. The Banjar river runs through the southwest part of the park.

When travelling from Jabalpur to Kanha (155 km), you arrive at the Kisli Gate via Bamhni-Banjar. The Mukki entrance via Baihar is close to Nagpur (270 km). Both the entrances have canteens and orientation centers with sales counters offering pamphlets and mementos.

No vehicles are allowed in the park without a registered guide (employed at the entry points). Walking is prohibited. So is smoking, the use of horns and headlights. Jeeps and Gypsies are available on hire however only local vehicles registered with the park are allowed. Elephant rides are another alternative.


Kanha used to organize a ‘tiger show’, essentially, an orchestrated encounter with the huge feline. The mahouts would drive their herd of ‘tracker’ elephants into the forest and use an advanced radio system to communicate the movements of the tiger– all of this occurred while visitors waited for their turn to climb on to an elephant. The fact that these sightings were stage-managed, remarkably, did not take away the thrill of spotting a tiger in his natural habitat. However, this practice has actually become quite irregular now.

Besides the tiger, there are a host of other tourist attractions here. The park authorities are most happy with the presence of barasingha and justifiably so. Just over three decades ago, the barasingha population in park was alarmingly low and the species was close to extinction. Thanks to conservation efforts, their numbers have now increased and many have also been relocated successfully to the eastern Halon Valley of the park, which used to be their original home.

Also keep an eye out for dholes, or wild dogs. Slim, red and bushy-tailed, these are among the most feared savages in the jungle. Dholes chasing herds of spotted deer are a common sight at the sanctuary.

You can go on an elephant safari or a jeep safari. To acquire a perspective of the park, all under one roof, visit the museum. A stay of 3-4 days is recommended to experience Kanha.

Jeep Safari

The safaris are organized early mornings and afternoons. Jeeps can be hired from the MPTDC office. If you are staying at a camp, you can choose their vehicles and guide.


The majority of India’s wildlife experience is centered on the tiger, and other unique experiences, especially bird watching, often get over-looked. But don’t make that mistake in Kanha– there are as many as 300 bird species here, both resident and migratory (these arrive in the winter season). Shravantal is a beautiful water body where the possibilities of spotting birds are very high. Note that you can’t get down from the vehicle in the care area of the sanctuary, but you can always stroll along trails in the buffer zone. Talk to your camp for guides.


Do keep an eye out for the blackbuck, which is Kanha’s new acquisition. This stunning antelope became extinct in Kanha in the nineties, but was reintroduced through translocation in 2011. Although half of the 50 animals brought in died, the survivors are now breeding well.

Kanha Museum

The museum holds fantastic treasures of natural history. It gives you a viewpoint of this magnificent tiger reserve, its contours, topography and wildlife diversity…. and More.

Drive to Bahmni-dadar, the highest motorable point in the park at 873 m, once used as a stunning drive through the beautiful forests. Bahmni-dadar’s Sunset Point affords spectacular views of the entire Banjar river valley.

History of Kanha National Park

Kanha originally formed a part of the Gondwana or the “land of gonds”. These forests were inhabited by two aboriginal tribes, practising shifting cultivation and subsisting on forest resources.

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Flora in Kanha National Park

Kanha national park

Kanha National Park houses more than 1000 species of blossoming plants.

Kanha National Park features low land forests & houses the blend of Shorea Robusta ( Sal ) forests, as well as, various trees, which are scattered with lush meadows.

The forests of Kanha National Park are basically moist dry deciduous type with abundant bamboos on slopes.
Kanha National Park thrives on open meadows, as well as, grasslands.

The meadows of Kanha National Park play a vital role in the existence of the Hard Ground Swamp Deer ( Barasingha ).

In the several small lakes, streams, as well as, water reservoirs, you can find various aquatic plants. These are a life line for the animals, as well as, the bird species.

Fauna in Kanha National Park

Kanha national park

Although Tigers remain the most sought after “King of Kanha National Park”,the Pride are the Hard Ground Swamp Deers (Rucervus Duvaucelii | Barasingha ).

The recovery of the Hard Ground Swamp Deers ( Barasingha ) population in this National Park is one of the most inspiring success stories in the entire history of wildlife conservation in the country.

The reserve has been instrumental in rescuing the swamp deers from extinction.

Carnivorous animals in Kanha National Park

Along with the Royal Bengal Tiger, leopards, wild dogs, wild cats, foxes, as well as,  jackals are found in Kanha National park.

Hyenae & sloth bears are also seen occasionally.

Herbivorous animals in Kanha National Park

The most spotted herbivorous are Spotted Deers, Sambhar, Barasingha, as well as, the Indian Gaur.

Occassionally seen are the four horned deer ( Chausingha ), Mouse Deer, as well as,  Barking Deer ( Indian Munjtac ).

Reptiles in Kanha National Park

Pythons,Cobras,Krait,Rat snake,Vipers,Keelbacks & Grass snakes are found in certain areas of Kanha National Park.


Kanha National Park remains closed from 1st of July to 30th of September each year or as reviewed & declared by the Forest Department.

Climate & best time to visit Kanha National Park

Each & every season offers a unique experience.

While in winters when the temperature falls below 2°c, the fog settling on the lakes & the meadows are a photographers delight.

In summers,the temperature can shoot upto 42°c.
The clarity of the atmosphere in this season helps the tourist get a perfect view of wild life.

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Kanha National Park Safari

Kanha National Park has four core & four buffer zones for tourism purposes.

They are :

  • Kanha zone : considered to be the premium zone in pricing.The topography is primarily meadows as well as dense forests.
  • Kisli zone : is a dense Sal forest having a very high visibility of Tigers.
  • Sarhi zone : primarily consists of small hillocks,streams & forests.
  • Mukki zone : is one of the densest part of Kanha National Park having a significant Tiger population.

The buffer zones are Khapa, Khatia, Phen & Sijora.

Kanha national park

The “Kanha National Park Safari” component includes the entry tickets, safari vehicles as well as the guide.

A vehicle can accommodate 8 pax i.e. one driver,one guide & six tourists.

Regarding the timing of the the safari’s,the morning excursion starts at sunrise & lasts till 11 am.

The evening excursion is a little shorter & guests are supposed to leave the park before sunset.

All the National Parks of Madhya Pradesh reserves half day off on every Wednesday’s.

There are no afternoon safari’s on Wednesday’s.

There are no safari’s on national holidays & festivals.

From Mukki gate only entry for the morning safari in Kanha zone is permitted.

From Sarhi gate only entry for morning safari in Kisli gate is allowed.

Places to stay in Kanha National Park

Kanha National Park hosts a significantly large number of budget / deluxe / premium & luxury accommodations.

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Geography Location & area of Kanha National Park

Kanha is located in the central Indian highlands, which accounts for more than half of India’s forests. The park is located amidst the Maikal range which forms the eastern base of the triangular Satpura range.

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Things to do & activities in Kanha National Park

  • Jeep Safari
  • Nature walk in buffer zone
  • Night safari

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Wildlife of Kanha National Park

Kanha supports a sustainable and viable population of it’s famed denizens – the Royal Bengal Tigers and an endemic population of the Hard Ground Swamp Deer or Barasingha. Kanha National Park also harbours 43 varied species of mammals, including predators like the leopard and wild dog, herbivores like the gaur, sambar and chital, and scavengers like the hyena and jackal.

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Click to know more about Kanha Tiger Reserve & Tigers of Kanha.

Weather Information

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Each & every season offers a unique experience.

How to Reach Kanha National Park

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    The nearest airport station is Jabalpur
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    The nearest railway station is Jabalpur ( 175 kms | 4 hrs drive ).
    All these towns have regular air & train connections with Delhi,Mumbai as well as other major cities of India.

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Tour Packages for Kanha National Park

We offer customized & tailor made packages for Kanha National Park as per the requirement of the guest.
We offer all travel advise & logistical support regarding the air & train connections,transfers, excursions as well as accommodations.